p-ISSN 2146-796X
e-ISSN 2146-7978
Yunus Söylet

Recep Öztürk
Salih Murat Akkın
Süphan Nasır

Associate Editors
Burak Önal
Harun Serpil
Yiğit Yurder
2020 Volume 10
Deomed Publishing
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Volume 2, Issue 2, August 2012,
Page(s): 95-103
Empirical Research
Received: January 21, 2012; Accepted: May 2, 2012; Published online: July 16, 2012
doi:10.2399/yod.12.012; Copyright © 2012, Deomed
European Knowledge Society and Higher Education: Universities between the Tradition and Transformation*
Fatma Mızıkacı (E-mail)
Faculty of Educational Sciences, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
*This research study that was presented partly at 14th World Congress of WCCES (13-18 June 2010, Istanbul), is a part of NESOR Project sponsored by European Commission’s Socrates Programme. For the final report of the project see: 2006nesor_en.pdf
This study examines the role of universities in the European Knowledge Society as regards to new social risks and paradigm change as perceived by the shareholders of higher education institutions. The research questions addressed attitude change in universities for reform; the universities’ responsiveness to possible social risks and opportunities for the graduates; and the institutional practices regarding curricula and governance which may lead to knowledge society. The study was conducted in six European countries with sixty six participants and completed in one year. Research was designed based on the qualitative research approach. Snowball technique was used to design research and to identify the sampling. Data were gathered through interviews and focus group meetings. Each focus group contributed to extend the number of participants and improve more questions in the interviews. Data gathered from the interviews and focus group meetings were analysed using perception coding system. Results showed that universities in Europe keep their traditional role and are not ready to acknowledge a role in the development of European Knowledge Society. The challenges they face in a transforming society create a dilemma between the tradition and transformation. They are under the pressure of Brussels-directed changes and/or national context and regulation. Major outcomes of the research addressed the reality of the university in Europe lag them behind the role given by the European vision. The gap between the society’s need for dynamic transformation, which is expressed as an ambitious goal in the European vision, and the university’s traditional existence and resistance to transformation was highlighted.
Keywords: European Knowledge Society, higher education, tradition, transformation.
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Yükseköğretim Dergisi / Journal of Higher Education (Turkey)

Yükseköğretim Strateji ve Araştırma Derneği (YÖSAD) yayın organıdır. Deomed Yayıncılık tarafından yayımlanmaktadır. / Official Publication of the Higher Education Strategy and Research Association (YÖSAD). Published by Deomed Publishing. Copyright © 2020, Deomed.
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Yükseköğretim Dergisi çevrimiçi (online) sürümünde yayımlanan akademik içeriğin kullanım hakları, ilgili içerikte tersi belirtilmediği sürece Deomed Yayıncılık tarafından Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND3.0) lisansı aracılığıyla bedelsiz sunulmaktadır. / Except where otherwise noted, academic content of this online version of the journal by Deomed Publishing is licensed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND3.0) License.