p-ISSN 2146-796X
e-ISSN 2146-7978
Yunus Söylet

Recep Öztürk
Salih Murat Akkın
Süphan Nasır

Associate Editors
Burak Önal
Harun Serpil
Yiğit Yurder
2020 Volume 10
Deomed Publishing
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Volume 3, Issue 1, April 2013,
Page(s): 40-47
Conceptual Research
Received: May 9, 2012; Accepted: August 31, 2012; Published online: April 4, 2013
doi:10.2399/yod.13.002; Copyright © 2013, Deomed
Higher Education in Turkey: Trends Towards Self-Steering Public Universities*
Ali Coşkun1, Gözde Ünal2 (E-mail)
1Department of Management and 2Department of International Trade, Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey
*This paper is the updated version of the work that was presented at the International Congress of Higher Education: New Trends and Issues (UYK-2011) held in Istanbul, Turkey between 27-29 May 2011.
Since the 1980s, there has been a long-running debate on the relationship between the Turkish Council of Higher Education and public universities. Today, the council is initiating a change in the status quo and developing models based on the self-steering of these universities. As indicated in the preliminary report that was recently presented to the General Assembly of the Council, new funding models must be developed as part of this new steering strategy since financial autonomy is a crucial component and of critical importance for self-governing universities. In the Western World, where a similar reform in the relationship between governments and universities took place in the last three decades, the governmental funding of universities mainly focuses on the performance-based allocation of resources rather than on the formula-driven allocation of resources. Formula-driven mechanisms link funding to input measures whereas performance-based mechanisms tie resource allocation to output measures. After discussing these alternative funding models found in the reformed tertiary education systems, we propose in this paper a new funding model and discuss the mechanisms for its governance and management in Turkish higher education.
Keywords: Public universities, university resource allocation, steering strategies for universities.
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Yükseköğretim Dergisi / Journal of Higher Education (Turkey)

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