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Turkish
p-ISSN 2146-796X
e-ISSN 2146-7978
Editors
Yunus Söylet,
Recep Öztürk,
Salih Murat Akkın,
Süphan Nasır
2017 Volume 7
 
 
Deomed Publishing
 
Volume 7, Issue 1, April 2017,
Page(s): 28-38
Literature Review
Received: June 7, 2016; Accepted: January 16, 2017; Published online: March 10, 2017
doi:10.2399/yod.17.003; Copyright © 2017, Deomed
The expansion of higher education in Turkey: The rationales behind this expansion and its challenges
Ebru Karataş Acer1 (E-mail), Nezahat Güçlü2
1Department of Educational Sciences, Uşak University, Uşak; 2Department of Educational Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to analyze the expansion of higher education in Turkey and identify the rationales behind this expansion and the key problems faced during the course of this policy. By 2016, the number of universities has grown to 181 of which 111 are public and 63 are private (foundation) and 7 are vocational private universities. After 2006, the number of universities grew from 77 to 181 (131% increase) and the number of public universities grew from 53 to 111 (109% increase). It is necessary to identify the sociological, economic, ideological and political rationales behind this rapid expansion especially after 2006. Furthermore, with this rapid expansion, the Turkish higher education system is confronting with some key challenges and issues such as quality vs. quantity and diversity vs. homogeneity. So this study aims to shed lights on some key challenges and problems that have not been addressed sufficiently. In summary, with regard to the issues of quality vs. quantity, in Turkish higher education system, although the number of universities increases, the quality of these universities does not improve synchronically. Regarding the diversity vs. homogeneity issues, it is observed that especially recently established universities might make the Turkish higher education system isomorphic.
Keywords: Expansion of higher education, isomorphism, quality and diversity of higher education.
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Yükseköğretim Dergisi / Journal of Higher Education

Yükseköğretim Strateji ve Araştırma Derneği (YÖSAD) yayın organıdır. Deomed Yayıncılık tarafından yayımlanmaktadır. / Official Publication of the Higher Education Strategy and Research Association (YÖSAD). Published by Deomed Publishing. Copyright © 2017, Deomed.
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Yükseköğretim Dergisi çevrimiçi (online) sürümünde yayımlanan akademik içeriğin kullanım hakları, ilgili içerikte tersi belirtilmediği sürece Deomed Yayıncılık tarafından Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND3.0) lisansı aracılığıyla bedelsiz sunulmaktadır. / Except where otherwise noted, academic content of this online version of the journal by Deomed Publishing is licensed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution-NoCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND3.0) License.